A professional real estate valuation provides clarity to all the parties involved. As part of a real estate valuation, a house or apartment is assessed against objective criteria to arrive at a market value, i.e., a realistic purchase price that takes into account objective factors such as the location, condition and other characteristics of the property.
An objective valuation is also important because mortgage institutions carry out their own valuation during the credit check. If this value is lower than the purchase price, buyers will be faced with a financing gap. For example, let’s say a property is for sale at a price of one million francs. The rules generally require a deposit of at least 20 percent, i.e., CHF 200,000; the remainder (CHF 800,000) can be financed with a mortgage. If the mortgage institution now determines a lower market value, the calculation will change.
If, for example, the institution estimates the value at only CHF 900,000, the loan amount will be calculated based on this figure. Since 2014, the “lowest value principle” applies, according to which banks and insurance companies must use the lower of the two values – market value or sales price – to calculate the loan amount. In our example, this means that the loan amount is set at 80 percent of CHF 900,000, i.e., CHF 720,000. If the purchase price remains at one million francs, the buyer needs to find an additional CHF 80,000 to close the gap. The market value is not only important to realistically assess the offer, but also to avoid unpleasant surprises when it comes to obtaining a mortgage.